Linguagem, aprendizagem e desenvolvimento: perspectivas sobre aquisição linguística e funcionamento cerebral

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29051/el.v5i1.12789

Palavras-chave:

Linguagem, Circuitaria neural, Desenvolvimento, Genética, Pensamento.

Resumo

O que nos faz humanos? A linguagem segue a frente nesta disputa que ainda não está plenamente resolvida pela ciência. O que se sabe até hoje é que somente humanos desenvolveram um aparato fonador apto a produzir sons em todas as línguas, em conjunto com uma circuitaria neural que possibilita que a comunicação passe a ser mais do que mero instrumento de transação, permitindo também a colaboração e a cocriação. Propõe-se nesta revisão sob a perspectiva do funcionamento cerebral o exame da relação entre linguagem, pensamento e aprendizagem; da hipótese de determinismo e relativismo linguístico para avaliar sua implicação para aprendizagem e desenvolvimento; de ideias atuais sobre a evolução da linguagem humana; das conexões entre desenvolvimento linguístico e herança genética para a capacidade linguística; da diferença entre a aquisição da primeira e da segunda língua; e como a correta identificação da dislexia e da afasia podem informar o entendimento atual do processo de aquisição linguística e seu desenvolvimento.

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Biografia do Autor

Mirela Ramacciotti, JHU, School of Education, Baltimore – Maryland

Graduate Candidate in the Mind, Brain and Teaching Program.

Christine Eccles, JHU, School of Education, Baltimore – Maryland

Visiting Assistant Professor in the Mind, Brain and Teaching Program.

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Publicado

30/04/2019

Como Citar

RAMACCIOTTI, M.; ECCLES, C. Linguagem, aprendizagem e desenvolvimento: perspectivas sobre aquisição linguística e funcionamento cerebral. Revista EntreLinguas, Araraquara, v. 5, n. 1, p. 104–120, 2019. DOI: 10.29051/el.v5i1.12789. Disponível em: https://periodicos.fclar.unesp.br/entrelinguas/article/view/12789. Acesso em: 6 dez. 2021.

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Dossiê Temático / Thematic dossier