Reflexos comportamentais da Covid-19 em crianças com autismo

Revisão sistemática

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.30715/doxa.v23i00.16711

Palavras-chave:

Autismo, Pandemia COVID-19, Mudança de comportamento

Resumo

Em tempos históricos a qual a pandemia da COVID-19 eclodiu, crianças com autismo indicavam-se prejudicadas quanto ao desenvolvimento e aprendizagem. O presente trabalho teve por objetivo a partir de uma revisão sistemática avaliar o impacto e as principais mudanças de comportamento em crianças diagnosticadas com TEA durante tal contexto pandêmico. A pesquisa foi operacionalizada a partir da busca de artigos na base de dados PubMed, com palavras-chave relacionadas ao autismo e à pandemia da COVID-19 no período de 2020 à 2021. Os resultados indicaram alterações nos padrões de comportamento de crianças com TEA, especialmente no que se refere ao aumento de crises, estereotipias, agressões, hiperatividade, além de apontamentos sobre os prejuízos do isolamento social e redução das estimulações voltadas às habilidades sociais. Maiores estudos se fazem de extrema importância para reverter tal panorama e alcançar maior qualidade de vida a tais crianças e responsáveis.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Mayra Helena Bonifácio Gaiato, Instituto Singular (IS), São Paulo – SP – Brasil

Fundadora. Mestrado em Psicologia Experimental: Análise do Comportamento (PUC/SP).

Rodrigo da Rosa Silveira, Instituto Singular (IS), São Paulo – SP – Brasil.

CEO. Mestrado profissional em Saúde Coletiva (UNESC).

Marina Cristina Zotesso, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Bauru – SP – Brasil

Docente de psicologia no Departamento de Fonoaudiologia (FOB/USP). Doutorado em Psicologia do Desenvolvimento e Aprendizagem (UNESP).

Referências

ALVES, F. J. et al. Applied behavior analysis for the treatment of autism: A systematic review of assistive technologies. IEEE Access, v. 8, p. 118664–118672, 2020. Disponível em: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9127441. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

American Psychiatric Association - APA. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 5. ed. Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing, 2013.

AMORIM, R. et al. The impact of COVID-19 on children with autism spectrum disorder. Rev. Neurol., v. 71, n. 8, p. 285-291, 2020. Disponível em: https://repositorio-aberto.up.pt/handle/10216/131286. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

ANDERSON, A.; CARR, M. Applied behaviour analysis for autism: Evidence, issues, and implementation barriers. Current Developmental Disorders Reports, v. 8, p. 191-200, 2021. Disponível em: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40474-021-00237-x. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

BAWEJA, R. et al. COVID-19 pandemic and impact on patients with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v. 52, n. 1, p. 473-482, 2022. Disponível em: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10803-021-04950-9. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

BELLOMO, T. R. et al. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of pediatric rehabilitation medicine, v. 13, n. 3, p. 349-354, nov. 2020. Disponível em: https://content.iospress.com/articles/journal-of-pediatric-rehabilitation-medicine/prm200740. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

BOYD, B. A.; MCDONOUGH, S. G.; BODFISH, J. W. Evidence-based behavioral interventions for repetitive behaviors in autism. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, v. 42, n. 6, p. 1236-1248, 2012. Disponível em: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10803-011-1284-z. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

BROOKS, S. K. et al. The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: Rapid review of the evidence. The Lancet, London, v. 395, 10227, p. 912-920, 2020. Disponível em: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)30460-8/fulltext. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

BRUNI, O. et al. Impact of COVID-19 lockdown on sleep in children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, v. 18, n. 1, p. 137-143, 2022. Disponível em: https://jcsm.aasm.org/doi/full/10.5664/jcsm.9518. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

CASSIDY, S. A. et al. An expert discussion on autism in the COVID-19 pandemic. Autism in Adulthood, v. 2, n. 2, p. 106-117, 2020. Disponível em: https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/aut.2020.29013.sjc. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

COLIZZI, M. et al. Psychosocial and Behavioral Impact of COVID-19 in Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Online Parent Survey. Brain sciences, v. 10, n. 6, p. 341, maio/jun. 2020. Disponível em: https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3425/10/6/341. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

GIALLONARDO, V. et al. The impact of Quarantine and Physical Distancing Following COVID-19 on Mental Health: Study Protocol of a Multicentric Italian Population Trial. Frontiers in Psychiatry, v. 11, 533, 2020. Disponível em: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00533/full. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

HALSTEAD, E. J. et al. The Impact of COVID-19 on Sleep in Autistic Adults: Longitudinal Comparisons pre and During Lockdown. Frontiers in Psychiatry, v. 12, 708339, 2021. Disponível em: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.708339/full. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

MAKRYGIANNI, M. K. et al. The effectiveness of applied behavior analytic interventions for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A meta-analytic study. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, v. 51, p. 18-31, 2018. Disponível em: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1750946718300485. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

MORGANSTEIN, J. C. et al. Pandemics: Health care emergencies. In: URSANO, R. et al. Textbook of Disaster Psychiatry. 2. ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017.

MUTLUER, T.; DOENYAS, C.; GENC, H. A. Behavioral Implications of the Covid-19 Process for Autism Spectrum Disorder, and Individuals' Comprehension of and Reactions to the Pandemic Conditions. Frontiers in psychiatry, v. 11, 561882, 2020. Disponível em: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.561882/full. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

NARZISI, A. Autism spectrum condition and COVID-19: Issues and chances. The Humanistic Psychologist, v. 48, n. 4, p. 378, 2020. Disponível em: https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2021-07385-008. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

NICHOLAS, J. S. et al. Prevalence and characteristics of children with autism-spectrum disorders. Annals of epidemiology, v. 18, n. 2, p. 130-136, 2008. Disponível em: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1047279707004632. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

PANDA, P. K. et al. Psychological and behavioral impact of lockdown and quarantine measures for COVID-19 pandemic on children, adolescents and caregivers: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of tropical pediatrics, v. 67, n. 1, fmaa122, 2021. Disponível em: https://academic.oup.com/tropej/article/67/1/fmaa122/6053725. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

PANJWANI, A. A.; BAILEY, R. L.; KELLEHER, B. L. COVID-19 and behaviors in children with autism spectrum disorder: Disparities by income and food security status. Research in developmental disabilities, v. 115, 104002, 2021. Disponível em: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0891422221001517?via%3Dihub. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

PELLICANO, E. et al. 2021. COVID-19, social isolation and the mental health of autistic people and their families: A qualitative study. Autism, v. 26, n. 4, p. 914-927, 2022. Disponível em: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/13623613211035936. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

PETERS-SCHEFFER, N. et al. A meta-analytic study on the effectiveness of comprehensive ABA-based early intervention programs for children with autism spectrum disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, v. 5, n. 1, p. 60-69, 2011. Disponível em: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1750946710000498. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

SERGI, L. et al. Autismo, Terapia e COVID-19. Pediatric reports, v. 13, p. 35-44, out./dez. 2021. Disponível em: https://www.mdpi.com/2036-7503/13/1/5. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

SIRACUSANO, M. et al. The Impact of COVID-19 on the Adaptive Functioning, Behavioral Problems, and Repetitive Behaviors of Italian Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Observational Study. Children, v. 8, n. 2, p. 96, jan./fev. 2021. Disponível em: https://www.mdpi.com/2227-9067/8/2/96. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

VASA, R. A. et al. Psychiatric problems during the COVID-19 pandemic in children with autism spectrum disorder. Autism research: official journal of the International Society for Autism Research, v. 14, n. 10, p. 2113-2119, jul. 2021. Disponível em: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/aur.2574. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

VERSCHUUR, R. et al. Pivotal Response Treatment for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Review. Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v. 1, p. 34–61, 2014. Disponível em: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40489-013-0008-z. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2022.

Publicado

30/11/2022

Como Citar

GAIATO, M. H. B.; SILVEIRA, R. da R.; ZOTESSO, M. C. Reflexos comportamentais da Covid-19 em crianças com autismo: Revisão sistemática. DOXA: Revista Brasileira de Psicologia e Educação, Araraquara, v. 23, n. 00, p. e022012, 2022. DOI: 10.30715/doxa.v23i00.16711. Disponível em: https://periodicos.fclar.unesp.br/doxa/article/view/16711. Acesso em: 29 jan. 2023.