O papel da administração do distrito de educação de Kazan na Política Escolar de czarismo em relação a tártaros muçulmanos (segunda metade do XIX - início do século XX)

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22633/rpge.v25iesp.2.15263

Palavras-chave:

Império russo, Distrito Educacional de Kazan, Tártaros muçulmanos, Ministério da Educação Nacional, Escolas públicas, Escolas confessionais

Resumo

O artigo é dedicado ao estudo das atividades da administração do distrito escolar de Kazan durante um dos períodos-chave na história do estado russo: o período de sua transformação socioeconômica e política. Reformas liberais de Alexandre I, curso conservador de Alexandre III, acontecimentos revolucionários do início do século 20: todas as peripetias dessas épocas se refletem na política autocrática sobre a escolarização tártaro-muçulmana. Os autores do artigo revelam as circunstâncias históricas relativas ao estabelecimento do distrito educacional de Kazan, demonstram sua estrutura e lugar na hierarquia das estruturas do sistema de ensino público disponível no Império Russo, traçam a evolução de suas funções, metas e objetivos em uma relação próxima com os processos socioeconômicos e políticos do país. O caráter multi-confessional e multiétnico da população do distrito educacional considerado no artigo é sublinhado. Os autores se concentram nas atividades dos tutores do distrito escolar de Kazan, que não só implementaram a política da autocracia em relação à educação escolar dos tártaros-muçulmanos, mas também apresentaram propostas às autoridades superiores para melhorar a política acima mencionada. O lugar e o papel dos inspetores escolares tártaros, bashkir e quirguizes, diretores de escolas públicas e outros funcionários na implementação da política escolar em relação aos povos muçulmanos são analisados minuciosamente. As conclusões dos autores são baseadas em extensas fontes de arquivo.

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Biografia do Autor

Chulpan Khamitovna Samatova, Kazan Federal University (KPFU), Kazan

Associate Professor of the Department of History and Social Studies, Institute of International Relations. Candidate of Historical Sciences.

Ruslan Rustamovich Ibragimov, Kazan Federal University (KPFU), Kazan

Associate Professor of the Department of National History, Institute of International Relations. Candidate of Historical Sciences.

Aivaz Minnegosmanovich Fazliev, Kazan Federal University (KPFU), Kazan

Associate Professor of the Department of National History, Institute of International Relations. Candidate of Historical Sciences.

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Publicado

01/05/2021

Como Citar

SAMATOVA, C. K.; IBRAGIMOV, R. R.; FAZLIEV, A. M. O papel da administração do distrito de educação de Kazan na Política Escolar de czarismo em relação a tártaros muçulmanos (segunda metade do XIX - início do século XX). Revista on line de Política e Gestão Educacional, Araraquara, v. 25, n. esp.2, p. 769–779, 2021. DOI: 10.22633/rpge.v25iesp.2.15263. Disponível em: https://periodicos.fclar.unesp.br/rpge/article/view/15263. Acesso em: 17 set. 2021.